Thursday, February 23, 2017

Blog Post 6 Racial Caste in form of mass incarceration



The biggest parallel between Jim Crow and mass incarceration is legalized discrimination. Black history month is celebrated as the end to discrimination and it's wondered why discrimination could have ever been legal in the first place but, what they don't talk about it how its still legal. In the legal system, African Americans already had a disadvantage from the jump. They are first labeled felons. During the Jim Crow era, African Americans were denied things like the right to vote through poll taxes, literacy tests, and felon disenfranchisement laws even though the Fifteenth Amendment of the Constitution says "the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude." The jury is the people that determine your fate with your life basically because they can determine if your guilty or innocent. The Jim Crow era were all-white juries trying black defendants in the South. Compared to back then, now a percentage of about 30 black men are automatically excluded from jury because they have been labeled felons.

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Blog Post #5, "Color Blindness" and racial caste

        Numbers never lie. All the statistics and factual data point in the opposite direction of African Americans being such horrible criminals. Even though the facts are there, African Americans are still the ones who get in the most trouble. This is the exact reason why white privilege is enforced. The image projected on to African Americans is of being such criminals that they need to be behind bars, where whites can watch them. It's proven that the majority of illegal drug users and dealers are white, but three-fourths of the people actually imprisoned are black. Black men have been admitted to state prison on drug charges at a rate that is more than thirteen times higher than white men. Black men are searched just because they "look suspicious," not because of an actual reason from police officers. You can't just assume someone is doing something wrong, but in some situations and cases, that's how the legal system works with regard to certain races. Race is used as a factor when making decisions regarding whom to stop and search.

       In the era of colorblindness, when race isn't discussed, everyone knows that the enemy in the War on Drugs can be identified by race. It's just not said. The McCleskey decision was not actually about the death penalty but about the Court's choice to shy away from claims of racial bias. Multiple studies show that youth of color are more likely to be arrested, detained, formally charged, transferred to adult court, and confined to secure residential facilities than their white counterparts. It seems in some cases, if you have one African American man and one white man who commit the same crime, the black man will severe more punishment than he deserves -- not because of the actual crime, but because of his race.

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Blog #4 Conservative "law and order"


        As the Civil Rights Movement rose, it was considered to be a sign of the breakdown of law and order by conservatives. The Civil Rights seemed like a threat to law and order. With the riots, it just showed and supported the argument that the civil rights for blacks led to crime. It almost seemed as if African Americans caused all the problems. Law and order rhetoric arose after the breakdown of the Jim Crow System, but it was proved effective to appeal to the poor and working-class whites, the ones who were against integration and frustrated with the support of the Civil Rights Movement by the Democratic Party. Republican analysts believed that a "new majority" could be created by the Republican party and included the White South. It was believed that poverty wasn't related to race and class but by black culture. The whites were threatened by the progress that the African Americans were making. President Reagan came into office with strong support for all the white who felt betrayed by the Democratic Party's support for the civil rights agenda. All the things about blacks were negative. Articles were released that called blacks "crack whores", "crack babies", and gangbangers".These were just enforcing the stereotype. Blacks that were served with distribution of cocaine gained far more severe punishments Whites that were associated with powder cocaine didn't.

Thursday, February 2, 2017

Blog #3 Beginning & End of Jim Crow, Reconstruction, and Civil Rights Movement


           What we know about the beginning of the Reconstruction is that it was "most typically described as stretching from 1863 when the North freed the slaved to 1877, when it abandoned them and withdrew federal troops from the South." African Americans started to gain more of a voice in political power. They started to try to gain greater social and economic equality for themselves. The enthusiasm to gain equal rights for African Americans started to fade as white started to rule the South. The civil rights that African Americans were promised weren't fulfilled. The Ku Klux Klan became something that fought back adding onto the whites who reacted with panic and outrage. The is known as the beginning of Jim Crow. The laws started to change and the crime was specifically enforced against African Americans. The end of Jim Crow was traced to the Brown v. Board of Education. It was already predicted by a number of Whites in the North that if Jim Crow wasn't modified, then it would be entirely overthrown. As said in the reading, the main factors to the death of Jim Crow were "the increased political power of blacks due to migration to the North, the growing membership and influence of the NAACP, and its highly successful legal campaign challenging Jim Crow laws in federal court." The laws themselves were damaging the nation to be seen as a free world.

         The Civil Rights Movement began because of the boycotts, marches, sit-ins protesting the Jim Crow laws, and civil right activists and leaders. Also including certain Supreme Court decisions and a shifting domestic and international political environment. As the Civil Rights Movement started to become undeniable, the activists started to think that without the major economic reforms, the vast majority of blacks would remain locked in poverty. It argued that inequality clashed with racism to produce the poverty and related social problems. The Civil Rights Movement itself ended the Jim Crow laws.


Blog #2 Racial Bribe

The "racial bribe" was a precautionary step that the planter class took. The planters purposely extended special privileges to whites to drive a bigger divide between whites and African Americans. By the white settlers getting certain privileges with land, they risked the chance of alliances between black slaves and poor whites. Whites were allowed greater access to Native American land. What also help construct the "racial bribe" was that African Americans were labeled as an uncivilized lesser race and lacked intelligence. Because of the land divide between the races, it just made it easier for races itself to divide. Even before democracy, chattel slavery in America was born. The constitution itself was based off to preserve a racial caste system that revolved around slavery. Slaves weren't even known as human beings in the constitution. Since they say "all men were created equal" African Americans weren't really people. The idea of slavery might have gone away, but race never did. 

Friday, January 20, 2017

IAT Tests

            With the implicit association tests, I took the Skin-tone test (Light Skin- Dark Skin IAT). It had you hit the E and I keys to represent what you saw as light and dark with different people's faces. Also when words appeared on the screen, you would say if the word was good or bad which also means if the word had a negative or positive connotation. There is a stereotype that just because you're light-skinned or dark-skinned, you're supposed to like your certain skin tone better. In the test, I said that I was light-skinned and I stated I like both light-skin and dark-skin equally. The data that the test concluded that I have a strong automatic preference for light skinned people over dark skinned people. I think that the topic bias itself is a very argumentative topic and is something that should be talked about. In my opinion, people will always have a bias about how whatever your skin tone is, they feel more comfortable with the same skin tone but it's just a opinion, not a proven fact. 

               As we learned about the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, I didn't know about it until this year. The main focus of that time period from my previous knowledge was really just about and between African American and white race because of the legacy of slavery. I didn't know there was a bigger picture and there was more things that had to do with other races like Chinese. The law itself provided a 10-year ban on Chinese labor immigration. I feel as though most people and people that I know only focus on things with African Americans. The only thing people think about is automatically the huge racial barrier between them, its always been the main focus.

              



Wednesday, January 18, 2017